Methodology to Develop Regional Energy Baselines

An urban metabolism framework can be used to assess urban sustainability. Conventionally, the framework analyzes direct material, energy and waste flows associated with urban environments to understand the consequent energy and environmental impacts of these flows. However, the conventional framework has at least three serious deficiencies if urban metabolism studies are to inform policy—namely the use of highly aggregated data lacking geographic specificity, the exclusion of life cycle impacts,

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